|Member of Parliament|
11 June 1987 – 1 May 1997
|Preceded by||Frederic Bennett|
|Succeeded by||Adrian Sanders|
|Born||8 November 1951|
|Occupation||Author and MP|
Rupert William Simon Allason (born 8 November 1951) is a former Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom and professional author. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Torbay in Devon, from 1987 to 1997. He writes books and articles on the subject of espionage under the pen name Nigel West.
Born in London, Allason and his brother, Julian, were brought up as Roman Catholics, the faith of their Irish mother, Nuala (who acted under the names Nuala McElveen and Nuala Barrie), daughter of John A. McArevey, of Foxrock, Dublin. The boys attended Downside School. Their father, James Allason, was also a Conservative Party MP, descended from the architect Thomas Allason.
He was opposed to ceding greater power to Brussels; in 1993 he was the only Tory who refused to vote for the Maastricht Treaty when it was made into a motion of confidence. The vote was narrowly won but Allason's abstention caused him to have the party whip withdrawn for a year. He left parliament after the landslide 1997 general election, when he lost his seat to Liberal Democrat Adrian Sanders. He is widely considered to have lost because he failed to tip a pub waitress a week before polling day. As a consequence, fourteen waiters who were going to vote for Allason switched to the Liberal Democrats. He lost by twelve votes.
In 2000, Allason was reported to have considered joining the UK Independence Party (UKIP). The author Jon Ronson in the first chapter of his book Them: Adventures With Extremists briefly analyses Allason's career and character, with particular emphasis on his 1997 electoral loss.
As an author, Allason has concentrated on security and intelligence issues and his controversial books have frequently made headlines. He was voted 'The Experts' Expert' by a panel of other spy writers in The Observer in November 1989. In 1984 The Sunday Times commented: "His information is so precise that many people believe he is the unofficial historian of the secret services. West's sources are undoubtedly excellent. His books are peppered with deliberate clues to potential front-page stories."
Allason has been a frequent speaker at intelligence seminars and has lectured at both the KGB headquarters in Dzerzhinsky Square, Moscow and at the CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia, where he once addressed an audience that included the Soviet spy Aldrich Ames. He continues to lecture to members of the intelligence community at the Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies in Washington, D.C.
His special contribution to the study of modern historical espionage has been in tracking down former agents and persuading them to tell their stories. He traced the wartime double agent GARBO, who was reported to have died in Africa in 1949. However, Allason found him in Venezuela, and they collaborated on the book Operation Garbo, published in 1985.
He was also the first person to identify and interview the mistress of Admiral Canaris, the German intelligence chief who headed the Abwehr, and he was responsible for the exposure of Leo Long and Edward Scott as Soviet spies.
His titles include The Crown Jewels, based on files made available to him by the KGB archives in Moscow; VENONA, which disclosed the existence of a GRU spy-ring operating in London throughout the war, allegedly headed by Professor JBS Haldane and the Hon. Ivor Montagu; and The Third Secret, an account of the CIA's intervention in Afghanistan. Mortal Crimes, published in September 2004, investigates the scale of Soviet espionage in the Manhattan Project, the Anglo-American development of an atomic bomb.
In 2005 he edited The Guy Liddell Diaries, a daily journal of the wartime work of MI5's Director of Counter-Espionage. He also published a study of the Comintern's secret wireless traffic, MASK: MI5's Penetration of the Communist Party of Great Britain, and the first of a series of counter-intelligence textbooks, The Historical Dictionary of British Intelligence, The Historical Dictionary of International Intelligence and The Historical Dictionary of Cold War Counter-Intelligence.
In his 2018 book, Cold War Spymaster: A Legacy of Guy Liddell, Deputy Director of MI5, the author did not suggest that Liddell had passed secrets to the Soviets, as had been claimed by some other authors, including John Costello in his Mask of Treachery. In fact, West stated that Liddell "was betrayed by Burgess, Blunt and Philby", according to a 2019 summary of the book.
Allason has been involved in a number of legal cases, in each of which he represented himself without lawyers. While in the House of Commons, he campaigned against the use of Public Interest Immunity Certificates, and exposed the arms-dealing activities of the publisher and thief Robert Maxwell. He was sued for libel by Maxwell but won the case, winning record damages for a litigant in person by counterclaim.
In 1996 Allason sued Alastair Campbell for malicious falsehood with regard to an article printed in the Daily Mirror in November 1992. The case was heard by Mr Justice Drake, without a jury. The judge ruled that Allason had failed to demonstrate that the Daily Mirror article, although inaccurate, had caused him any financial loss. In a retrial in 1998, he was awarded £1,050 in damages and 75% of his legal costs.
In 2001 Allason sued Random House, the publishers of The Enigma Spy, the autobiography of the former Soviet agent John Cairncross. Allason claimed he had ghostwritten The Enigma Spy in return for the copyright and 50 per cent of the proceeds. However, Allason lost the case and was ordered to pay costs of around £200,000. The trial judge, Mr Justice Laddie, described him as "one of the most dishonest witnesses I have ever seen".
Honours and awards
Allason is the recipient of the US Association of Former Intelligence Officers (AFIO)'s Lifetime Literature Achievement Award, and in 2011 he was elected to the Honorary Board of that association. He is the European Editor of the World Intelligence Review, published in Washington D.C.
- Spy! (by Richard Deacon with Nigel West), London: British Broadcasting Corporation, 1980
- MI5: British Security Service Operations, 1909–1945, New York: Stein and Day, 1982, 1981
- A Matter of Trust: MI5, 1945–72, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1982; published in the U.S. as The Circus: MI5, Operations 1945–1972, New York : Stein and Day, 1983
- MI6: British Secret Intelligence Service Operations: 1909–45, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1983
- Unreliable Witness: Espionage Myths of the Second World War, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1984
- The Branch: A History of the Metropolitan Police Special Branch (By Rupert Allason)
- Operation Garbo: The Personal Story of the Most Successful Double Agent of World War II, co-written by Juan Pujol and Nigel West, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1985
- GCHQ: The Secret Wireless War, 1900–86, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1986, ISBN 0-297-78717-9
- Molehunt: The Full Story of the Soviet Spy in MI5, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1987
- The Friends: Britain's Post-War Secret Intelligence operations, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988
- Games of Intelligence: The Classified Conflict of International Espionage, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1989
- The Blue List (novel), London: Secker & Warburg, 1989, ISBN 0-436-56602-8
- Cuban Bluff (novel), London: Secker & Warburg, 1990
- Seven Spies Who Changed the World, London: Secker & Warburg, 1991
- Secret War: The Story of SOE, Britain's Wartime Sabotage Organisation, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1992
- Murder in the Commons (novel), London: 1992
- The Faber Book of Espionage: Faber & Faber, December 1994
- Murder in the Lords (novel), London: 1994
- The Secret War for the Falklands: SAS, MI6 and the War Whitehall Nearly Lost: Little Brown, January 1997, ISBN 0-7515-2071-3
- Introduction to British Security Co-ordination: British Intelligence in the Americas, 1940-45: Little Brown, 1998
- The Faber Book of Treachery: Faber & Faber, March 1998
- The Crown Jewels: The British Secrets Exposed by the KGB Archives, London: HarperCollins, 1999, 1998
- Counterfeit Spies: Time Warner Paperbacks, March 1999
- VENONA: The Greatest Secret of the Cold War: HarperCollins, May 2000 ISBN 0-00-653071-0
- The Third Secret: The CIA, Solidarity and the KGB's Plot to Kill the Pope: HarperCollins, October 2000
- Mortal Crimes: The Greatest Theft in History: Soviet Penetration of the Manhattan Project, New York: Enigma Books, 2004
- The Guy Liddell Diaries: 1939–1942 Volume 1: Frank Cass Publishers, February 2005
- The Guy Liddell Diaries: 1942–1945 Volume 2: Routledge, London, June 2005
- Historical Dictionary of British Intelligence: Scarecrow Press, London, June 2005
- Mask: MI5's Penetration of the Communist Party of Great Britain: Frank Cass Publishers, July 2005
- On Her Majesty's Secret Service: The Chiefs of Britain's Intelligence Agency, MI6: Greenhill Books, London October 2006
- Double Cross in Cairo: The true story of the spy who turned the tide of war in the Middle East. London: Biteback Publishing. 2015. ISBN 978-1-84954-796-3.
- Burke's Landed Gentry, eighteenth edition, vol. I, ed. Peter Townend, 1965, Burke's Peerage Ltd, p. 9
- "Rupert Allason: No stranger to the courtroom". BBC News. 17 October 2001. Retrieved 20 August 2006.
As John Major's prime ministership lurched from crisis to crisis, every MP's vote counting as the tiny Conservative parliamentary majority dwindled away after 1992, Mr Allason rebelled over Maastricht and then became the only Tory to refuse to back his government in a no confidence motion.
- "General election results in Torbay, 1997 and 2001". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- "A guide to life in a marginal constituency". BBC News. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Tory Euro-sceptic considers defection". BBC News. 9 January 2000. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- "Behind a bittersweet industry". Coldspur. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
- "Campbell denies control freak claim". BBC News. 23 July 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- "Rupert Allason wins case against Alastair Campbell, PM's aide". BBC News. 30 July 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- "Ex-Tory MP loses libel action". BBC News. 21 January 1998. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
- "Contact Us". World Intelligence Review. Archived from the original on 20 January 2007. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- "Rebel without a case "profoundly dishonest"". The Independent.[dead link]
- "Ex-Tory MP loses libel action". BBC News. 21 January 1998. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- "Jail term threat to former Tory MP". The Scotsman. Archived from the original on 6 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.